Once you’re done scrubbing away the big chunks, use a pumice stone to smooth out the skin on your hands. Side-to-side across the palms, followed by scrubbing up and down from the base of the palm to the tip of the fingers. As a bonus, once you’re done taking care of your hands in the shower, you can use the same tools and methods to take care of your feet! Usually I’ll only use the pumice stone to keep my calluses in check, but if they end up getting too rough and thick, I’ll a more abrasive tool such as the metal foot rasp. Summary Orthotics, custom orthopedic foot supports, can help with mild hammer toes and bunions. They aren't a cure, but orthotics can make certain types of shoes more comfortable. Orthotics may slow down or perhaps prevent the progression of bunions and hammer toes. However, once the hammer toes and bunions become too large or severe an orthotic becomes just another thing occupying space in a crowded shoe. How does the nursery rhyme go? There was an old lady living in a shoe with so many hammer toes and bunions she didn't know what to do. Stop whatever exercise you are doing that has resulted in your foot or ankle pain. Stress fractures are not caused by an injury like an ankle sprain or bumping something with your foot, so if you cannot remember a precise injury that started the pain, you may self-treat with ice, over-the-counter pain medications, and comfortable shoes. If there is not a decrease in pain over several days, see your foot doctor. Prepare a homemade foot scrubber. Mix table salt or sugar with baby oil and scrub your heels with it. This will remove the thick dead skin from the heels and will prevent the development of cracks. The first step to treating a foot ulcer is to remove dead or infected skin from the wound. If the ulcer is full of pus or slough (a mass of dead tissue), it should be gently washed with a saline solution. Any attempt at debridement (a process by which dead or infected tissue is removed) should be left to a doctor in order to avoid excess bleeding or additional injury to the foot Cultures should be taken from the pus or slough as well as from deep tissue samples in order to determine the nature of the infection. X-rays of the foot may be necessary to check bone health. A foot corn is an area of thickened skin that develops when pressure is repeatedly exerted on small areas over a bony prominence such as the toes. It is the accumulation of dead skin cells in the center that gives it a conical shape. A toe corn could develop on the top of a toe or between toes. A hardened area of skin that develops on the top of a toe is called a hard corn. On the other hand, a soft corn is a painful lesion that develops between toes. Though using callus shaver for callus removal is safe and painless, those who have diabetes or blood circulation problems, should not take common foot problems lightly. They need to take professional help for finger or heel callus removal. Diabetic people need to protect their feet from infections. People who have a tendency to develop calluses should wear correct sized shoes or orthopedic shoes. Well-fitting shoes and socks play an important role in preventing calluses on feet. Those who use tools should wear gloves. Using soft insoles may prove to be beneficial in some cases.